A student's self-esteem and mathematical confidence is more directly
related to his or her parents' perceptions and expectations than to
student's own achievement record or the attitudes of any single
Parent and family involvement in the mathematics education of their
children is crucial. As partners in the reform effort, parents can:
- Become aware of any mathematics anxiety they may have and be
not to pass along their fears to their children.
- Talk to their children about the relevance of mathematics to
- Be sure that their children pursue high-quality mathematics
- Find out about after-school, Saturday, and summer mathematics
enrichment programs and encourage their children to participate.
- Encourage their children's interest in mathematics and let them
they can succeed.
- Have high expectations and check on their children's progress.
- Make sure that their children attend school regularly.
- Get to know their children's teachers.
- Join the parent-teacher association and visit school as
- Attend pertinent workshops - e.g., family math workshops.
- Share informal educational activities - e.g., trips to the
museum, cultural and educational events - with their children.
- Encourage their employers to support schools.
(Kober, 1991; Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in
Science and Technology, 1989; Jones, 1994b)
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