The following definitions of phonological terms are adapted from Snow, Burns, and Griffin (1998):
- Alphabetic principle is "the idea that written spellings systematically
represent spoken words." (p. 4)
- Decoding "refers to the aspect of the reading process that involves
deriving a pronunciation for a printed sequence of letters based on knowlege
of spelling-sound correspondences." (p. 52)
- "Phonemes are the speech phonological units that make a difference to meaning. Thus the word rope is comprised of three phonemes: /r/ /o/ /p/. It differs by only one phoneme from each of the spoken words soap, rode, and rip." (p. 52)
- "Phonemic awareness is the insight that every spoken word can be conceived
as a sequence of phonemes. Because phonemes are the units of sound that are
represented by the letters of an alphabet, an awareness of phonemes is key to
understanding the logic of the alphabetic principle and thus to the learning
of phonics and spelling." (p. 52)
- Phonetic value is the sound represented by each letter of an alphabet.
- "Phonics refers to instructional practices that emphasize how
spellings are related to speech sounds in systematic ways." (p. 52)
- Phonology and phonological refer to the sound structure of speech and particularly to the perception, representation, and production of speech sounds.
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