of Curriculum Design
Zuga (1989) cites various researchers who have attempted to categorize curriculum designs. Based on this research, she groups the designs into the following categories:
- Academic curriculum design. These design usually focuses
on a body of knowledge grouped into disciplines, subject matter, or broad
areas. It is commonly used for school models.
- Technical curriculum design. The curriculum is organized
around the analysis of performance task and process sequencing rather than
- Intellectual process curriculum design. The goal of this
design is to increase learning efficiency and the transfer of problem-solving
skills to other content areas and life experiences. The focus is on the development
of cognitive processes.
- Social curriculum design. The focus is on application
of knowledge in real-world situations. The curriculum provides opportunities
for students to work on projects in which they can change the environment,
or it provides information to help students learn what they will need to fit
into adult society.
- Personal curriculum design. This model is learner centered
with a focus on the individual student and his/her needs and interests.
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