Three Components of Performance Standards
Borthwick and Nolan (1996) describe the three components of performance standards:
- Performance descriptions. These distill the content standards
to identify what is essential and what is able to be assessed. (Content standards
commonly include expectations that cannot be assessed validly or reliably,
such as "develop a love of reading.") Content standards that may run to several
pages are thus reduced to a succinct set of statements of what students should
be expected to know and be able to do.
- Samples of student work. The performance descriptions are
matched with samples of student work that have been judged to illustrate the
quality of work expected to meet the standard at a given grade level.
- Commentaries on student work. The student work samples
are accompanied by commentary that explains how the student work illustrates
the quality required to meet the expectations set out in the performance descriptions.
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