Complexities of the Change Process
Implementing new instructional techniques is never simple - it is
often difficult and demanding. It requires an understanding of
the complexities of the change process and the ability to lead and manage change and improvement.
In their book, Educational Values and Cognitive Instruction:
Implications for Reform (1991, pp. 394-399), Levine and
Cooper provide a useful list of factors that support success in
implementing new ideas, based on a review of the literature on
change and improvement:
- School-level emphasis
- Continuing training and staff development concentrating on
classroom-level implementation issues
- Clear and important incentives for participation
- Avoiding overloading personnel during the change process
- Stability in teacher leadership and personnel participating
in the innovation
- Clarity and importance in objectives and procedures
- Change in organizational procedures, routines, and
arrangements to support innovation.
- Leadership by principals and others
- Clear problem identification, resolution, and coping skills
- Productive and supportive organizational culture
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