16 Key Elements of Effective Teacher Education for Diversity
Zeichner (1993) identifies the following key elements for educating
teachers for diversity:
- "Admissions procedures screen students on the basis of cultural
sensitivity and a commitment to the education of all students, especially
poor students of color who frequently do not experience success in school.
- Students are helped to develop a clearer sense of their own ethnic
and cultural identities.
- Students are helped to examine their attitudes toward other ethnocultural
- Students are taught about the dynamics of prejudice and racism and
about how to deal with them in the classroom.
- Students are taught about the dynamics of privilege and economic oppression
and about school practices that contribute to the reproduction of societal
- The teacher education curriculum addresses the histories and contributions
of various ethnocultural groups.
- Students are given information about the characteristics and learning
styles of various groups and individuals and are taught about the limitations
of this information.
- The teacher education curriculum gives much attention to sociocultural
research knowledge about the relationships among language, culture, and
- Students are taught various procedures by which they can gain information
about the communities represented in their classrooms.
- Students are taught how to assess the relationships between the methods
they use in the classroom and the preferred learning and interaction styles
in their students' homes and communities.
- Students are taught how to use various instructional strategies and
assessment procedures sensitive to cultural and linguistic variations and
how to adapt classroom instruction and assessment to accommodate the cultural
resources that their students bring to school.
- Students are exposed to examples of the successful teaching of ethnic-
and language-minority students.
- Students complete community field experiences with adults and/or children
of other ethnocultural groups with guided reflections.
- Students complete practicum and/or student teaching experiences in
schools serving ethnic- and language-minority students.
- Students live and teach in a minority community (immersion).
- Instruction is embedded in a group setting that provides both intellectual
challenge and social support." (p. 24)
Originally published in Educating Teachers for Cultural Diversity
(NCRTL Special Report) by Kenneth M. Zeichner, 1993, East Lansing, MI:
National Center for Research on Teacher Learning. Used by permission of
the National Center for Research on Teacher Learning.
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