Five Phases of Professional Development
The North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (n.d.) has developed a
research-based professional development framework that promotes ongoing
professional development and encourages individual reflection and group inquiry
into teachers' practice. In practice, the five phases overlap, repeat, and
often occur simultaneously:
- Building a Knowledge Base. The purpose of this phase is to
acquire new knowledge and information and to build a conceptual understanding
of it. Activities in this phase might include goal setting, assessing needs,
participating in interactive workshops, and forming a study group.
- Observing Models and Examples. The purpose of this phase is to study
instructional examples in order to develop a practical understanding of the
research. In this phase, one might participate in activities such as school
and classroom visitations, peer observation, using instructional artifacts,
co-planning, and listening to or watching audio and video examples.
- Reflecting on Your Practice. The purpose of this phase is to analyze
your instructional practice on the basis of new knowledge. Activities in this
phase might include the use of journals or teacher-authored cases for collegial
discussion and reflection.
- Changing Your Practice. The purpose of this phase is to translate
your new knowledge into individual and collaborative plans and actions for
curricular and instructional change. Activities might include action research,
peer-coaching, support groups, and curriculum development.
- Gaining and Sharing Expertise. The purpose of this phase is to
continue to refine your instructional practice, learning with and from
colleagues while also sharing your practical wisdom with your peers. Activities
in this phase might include team planning, mentoring or partnering with a
colleague, and participating in a network.
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