School Climate

Moos (1979) defines school climate as the social atmosphere of a setting or "learning environment" (p. 81) in which students have different experiences, depending upon the protocols set up by the teachers and administrators. Moos divides social environments into three categories:

Moos (1979) advises that "although the specific types of educational environments needed depend in part on the types of people in them and on the outcomes desired.... [at least] we need to focus on relationship, personal growth, and system maintenance and change dimensions in describing, comparing, evaluating, and changing educational settings." (p. 96)

With regard to family involvement, this definition of climate indicates that schools with positive climates do the following:


Date posted: 1996
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