Under the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act of 1990, states must ensure that special population students have equal access to vocational education and that localities ensure the full participation of these students in programs that are improved using Perkins money. Special populations include educationally and economically disadvantaged students, students with disabilities, students with limited English proficiency, students pursuing vocational programs in areas that are not traditional for their sex, and individuals in correctional institutions. States receiving federal vocational education money must fund, develop, and carry out activities and programs to eliminate gender bias, stereotyping, and discrimination in vocational education.
Title IX of the 1972 Educational Amendments and the Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1988 specifically prohibit discrimination or denial of benefits on the basis of gender in areas such as admissions, recruitment, educational programs or activities, and athletics.
Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, national origin, or gender.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 states that the individualized education programs of all students with disabilities must include transition services to ensure these students' inclusion in all high school programs aimed at improving their successful transition from school to postsecondary education and training, employment, and independent living.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibits discriminatory workplace practices and requires employers to make "reasonable accommodations" for individuals with disabilities.