METACOGNITION consists of three basic elements:
- Developing a plan of action
- Maintaining/monitoring the plan
- Evaluating the plan
Before - When you are developing the plan of action, ask
- What in my prior knowledge will help me with this particular task?
- In what direction do I want my thinking to take me?
- What should I do first?
- Why am I reading this selection?
- How much time do I have to complete the task?
During - When you are maintaining/monitoring the plan of
action, ask yourself:
- How am I doing?
- Am I on the right track?
- How should I proceed?
- What information is important to remember?
- Should I move in a different direction?
- Should I adjust the pace depending on the difficulty?
- What do I need to do if I do not understand?
After - When you are evaluating the plan of action ask
- How well did I do?
- Did my particular course of thinking produce more or less than I had
- What could I have done differently?
- How might I apply this line of thinking to other problems?
- Do I need to go back through the task to fill in any "blanks" in my
Excerpted from Strategic Teaching and Reading Project Guidebook. (1995,
NCREL, rev. ed.).
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