The metacognitive process enhances learning by guiding students' thinking, and by helping the learner follow a wise course of action as he or she thinks through a problem, makes decisions, or attempts to understand a situation or text. In this rapidly changing world, the challenge of teaching is to help students develop skills that will not become obsolete. Metacognitive strategies are essential for the twenty-first century because they enable students to cope successfully with new situations.
Learners who are well developed metacognitively:
Adapted from Strategic Teaching and Reading Project Guidebook. (1995, NCREL, rev. ed.).