PRIOR KNOWLEDGE can be explained as a combination of the learner's
preexisting attitudes, experiences, and knowledge:
- Beliefs about ourselves as learners/readers
- Awareness of our individual interests and strengths
- Motivation and our desire to read
- Everyday activities that relate to reading
- Events in our lives that provide background understanding
- Family and community experiences that we bring to school with us
- Of the reading process itself
- Of content (literature, science, and math)
- Of topics (fables, photosynthesis, fractions)
- Of concepts (main idea, theory, numeration)
- Of different types of style and form (fiction and nonfiction)
- Of text structure (narrative or expository)
- Of the academic and personal goals
Excerpted from The Strategic Teaching and Reading Project Guidebook
(Kujawa & Huske, 1995).
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