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Facilitates Students Communicating With One Another in The Language of Mathematics

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Using oral and written communication as a tool helps students reflect upon their understandings of mathematics, make connections within and outside of mathematics, and personalize math concepts. Buschman (1995) explains: "As soon as students use words to describe their thinking, they make their understanding more precise and more general at the same time. Only by using words in many situations and many contexts do students come to understand the full meaning of each word."

To illustrate the many ways that students communicate in mathematics, Mazie Jenkins and Johnny Lott (1995) quote Jacob, a Wisconsin third grader, as he describes communication in his class:

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